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Welcome to the HCPS Action Research PBwiki!



What is Action Research?


Definitions of Action Research


“Let’s study what’s happening at our school (in my classroom), decide if  I can make it a better place by changing what and how I teach and how I relate to students and the community, study the effects and begin again.” (A.M. Huberman, 1992)


“Teachers identify and solve their own instructional concerns, within their own classrooms with the process of actions research.” (Mary Little, 2001)


“Action Research consists of planned, continuous, and systematic procedures for reflecting on professional practice and for trying out alternative practices to improve outcomes.”  (Richard A. Schmuck, 1997)

This page will grow and evolve as participants join the project.


To participate:

  1. Indicate your interest to participate by emailing one of the Action Research Team Administrators.  See the list of email links in the sidebar menu to the right.
  2. Log in to the Wiki using the site password supplied to you by an Action Research Team Administrator. 
  3. View all the Video Tutorials in the bottom portion of this page before you edit any content.
  4. Add your emaill to the Participants field in the sidebar menu to the right.
  5. Follow suggested "Best Practices" when editing/uploading any content.
  6. Be aware that changes will occur often on this site.
  7. Always log out when leaving the Wiki.

According to the North Central Regional Educational Laboratory:


"Action research is inquiry or research in the context of focused efforts to improve the quality of an organization and its performance. It typically is designed and conducted by practitioners who analyze the data to improve their own practice. Action research can be done by individuals or by teams of colleagues. The team approach is called collaborative inquiry."























































Follow this link to open or download and print our brochure introducing you to the process of Action Research. 

There is also a PowerPoint available that can provide you with more information about the process.



Action research is a model of professional development where educators study student learning related to their own teaching, a process that allows them to learn about their own instructional practices and to continue to improve student learning.


Richard A. Schmuck (1997) compares action research to looking into a mirror at oneself and taking action.


Conducting action research provides educators with an avenue to reflect on one’s own teaching practices and engage in self-directed learning with the ultimate goal of improving student learning.


In order for students to reach optimal learning, teachers must continuously build upon their own knowledge of student learning and intentionally study their practices that are being implemented in the classroom.



In the AR spiral, (refer to Figure 1) group members:

  1. Develop a plan of critically informed action to improve current practice. The plan must be flexible to allow adaptation for unforeseen effects or constraints;
  2. The group members act to implement the plan which must be deliberate and controlled;
  3. This action is observed to collect evidence which allows thorough evaluation. The observation must be planned and a journal may be used for recording purposes. The action process and its effects within the context of the situation should be observed individually or collectively;
  4. Reflection of the action recorded during observation is usually aided by discussion among the group members. Group reflection can lead to a reconstruction of the meaning of the social situation and provides a basis for further planning of critically informed action, thereby continuing the cycle. These steps are carried out in a more careful, systematic and rigorous way than that which usually occurs in daily practice (Kemmis & McTaggert, 1988, pp.10-14; Zuber-Skerritt, 1992, p.16).  

          Figure 1 - The Action Research Spiral  (after Zuber-Skerrit, 1995, p.13)













































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